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Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
Lapis Lazuli
Registered User
User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:32 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #1
Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
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Antidepressant-like effects of uridine and omega-3 fatty acids are potentiated by combined treatment in rats.
Carlezon WA Jr, Mague SD, Parow AM, Stoll AL, Cohen BM, Renshaw PF.

Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, USA. [email protected]

BACKGROUND: Brain phospholipid metabolism and membrane fluidity may be involved in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. We showed previously that cytidine, which increases phospholipid synthesis, has antidepressant-like effects in the forced swim test (FST) in rats, a model used in depression research. Because cytidine and uridine both stimulate synthesis of cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine (CDP-choline, a critical substrate for phospholipid synthesis), we examined whether uridine would also produce antidepressant-like effects in rats. We also examined the effects of omega-3 fatty acids (OMG), which increase membrane fluidity and reportedly have antidepressant effects in humans, alone and in combination with uridine. METHODS: We first examined the effects of uridine injections alone and dietary supplementation with OMG alone in the FST. We then combined sub-effective treatment regimens of uridine and OMG to determine whether these agents would be more effective if administered together. RESULTS: Uridine dose-dependently reduced immobility in the FST, an antidepressant-like effect. Dietary supplementation with OMG reduced immobility when given for 30 days, but not for 3 or 10 days. A sub-effective dose of uridine reduced immobility in rats given sub-effective dietary supplementation with OMG.

CONCLUSIONS: Uridine and OMG each have antidepressant-like effects in rats. Less of each agent is required for effectiveness when the treatments are administered together.



Brain Res. 2007 Nov 28;1182:50-9. Epub 2007 Sep 21.

Oral supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid and uridine-5'-monophosphate increases dendritic spine density in adult gerbil hippocampus.
Sakamoto T, Cansev M, Wurtman RJ.

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, is an essential component of membrane phosphatides and has been implicated in cognitive functions. Low levels of circulating or brain DHA are associated with various neurocognitive disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD), while laboratory animals, including animal models of AD, can exhibit improved cognitive ability with a diet enriched in DHA. Various cellular mechanisms have been proposed for DHA's behavioral effects, including increases in cellular membrane fluidity, promotion of neurite extension and inhibition of apoptosis. However, there is little direct evidence that DHA affects synaptic structure in living animals.

Here we show that oral supplementation with DHA substantially increases the number of dendritic spines in adult gerbil hippocampus, particularly when animals are co-supplemented with a uridine source,

uridine-5'-monophosphate (UMP), which increases brain levels of the rate-limiting phosphatide precursor CTP. The increase in dendritic spines (>30%) is accompanied by parallel increases in membrane phosphatides and in pre- and post-synaptic proteins within the hippocampus. Hence, oral DHA may promote neuronal membrane synthesis to increase the number of synapses, particularly when co-administered with UMP. Our findings provide a possible explanation for the effects of DHA on behavior and also suggest a strategy to treat cognitive disorders resulting from synapse loss.
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Lapis Lazuli
Registered User
User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:34 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #2
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
to sum up

both omega 3 fatty acids (and specifically DHA) and uridine Both have antidepressant powers, however when combined they are actually much more powerful

The best source of uridine is found in nutritional yeast
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Lapis Lazuli
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User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:37 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #3
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
this study basically says that taking DHA increases the number of brain cells as well as increasing their activity

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Oral administration of circulating precursors for membrane phosphatides can promote the synthesis of new brain synapses.
Cansev M, Wurtman RJ, Sakamoto T, Ulus IH.

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Although cognitive performance in humans and experimental animals can be improved by administering omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), the neurochemical mechanisms underlying this effect remain uncertain. In general, nutrients or drugs that modify brain function or behavior do so by affecting synaptic transmission, usually by changing the quantities of particular neurotransmitters present within synaptic clefts or by acting directly on neurotransmitter receptors or signal-transduction molecules.

We find that DHA also affects synaptic transmission in mammalian brain. Brain cells of gerbils or rats receiving this fatty acid manifest increased levels of phosphatides and of specific presynaptic or postsynaptic proteins. They also exhibit increased numbers of dendritic spines on postsynaptic neurons. These actions are markedly enhanced in animals that have also received the other two circulating precursors for phosphatidylcholine, uridine

(which gives rise to brain uridine diphosphate and cytidine triphosphate) and choline (which gives rise to phosphocholine). The actions of DHA aere reproduced by eicosapentaenoic acid, another omega-3 compound, but not by omega-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid. Administration of circulating phosphatide precursors can also increase neurotransmitter release (acetylcholine, dopamine) and affect animal behavior. Conceivably, this treatment might have use in patients with the synaptic loss that characterizes Alzheimer's disease or other neurodegenerative diseases or occurs after stroke or brain injury.
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Lapis Lazuli
Registered User
User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:38 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #4
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
Anon
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LoP Guest
lop guest
User ID: 58022
10-22-2011 08:39 PM

 



Post: #5
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
very interesting OP ty!

wasnt sure what nutrutional yeast was exactly:

Definition: Yellow in color and with a nutty cheesy flavor, nutritional yeast is an inactive yeast that is a favorite amongst many vegans because of its unique flavor and similarity to cheese when added to foods. Sprinkle some on hot popcorn or garlic bread, or add a generous spoonful to a stir fry or pasta sauce. Nutritional yeast is also the only reliable food source of vitamin B12, so if you're vegan, it's a good idea to add some to your food regularly. Nutritional yeast can be found in the bulk foods or supplement section of your health food store. You can look for either nutritional yeast flakes or powder, but be sure you don't get brewer's yeast by mistake, as its quite similar in appearance. In Australia and New Zealand, nutritional yeast is also called "savory yeast" or "savory yeast flakes".

Heartflowers
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Pi
Infinity
User ID: 3.14159265
10-22-2011 08:40 PM

 



Post: #6
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
Bump
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LoP Guest
lop guest
User ID: 57981
10-22-2011 08:40 PM

 



Post: #7
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
so what do we buy from the grocery store?
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LoP Guest
lop guest
User ID: 57981
10-22-2011 08:41 PM

 



Post: #8
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
LoP Guest  Wrote: (10-22-2011 08:39 PM)
very interesting OP ty!

wasnt sure what nutrutional yeast was exactly:

Definition: Yellow in color and with a nutty cheesy flavor, nutritional yeast is an inactive yeast that is a favorite amongst many vegans because of its unique flavor and similarity to cheese when added to foods. Sprinkle some on hot popcorn or garlic bread, or add a generous spoonful to a stir fry or pasta sauce. Nutritional yeast is also the only reliable food source of vitamin B12, so if you're vegan, it's a good idea to add some to your food regularly. Nutritional yeast can be found in the bulk foods or supplement section of your health food store. You can look for either nutritional yeast flakes or powder, but be sure you don't get brewer's yeast by mistake, as its quite similar in appearance. In Australia and New Zealand, nutritional yeast is also called "savory yeast" or "savory yeast flakes".

Heartflowers
thanks
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Lapis Lazuli
Registered User
User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:41 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #9
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
LoP Guest  Wrote: (10-22-2011 08:39 PM)
very interesting OP ty!

wasnt sure what nutrutional yeast was exactly:

Definition: Yellow in color and with a nutty cheesy flavor, nutritional yeast is an inactive yeast that is a favorite amongst many vegans because of its unique flavor and similarity to cheese when added to foods. Sprinkle some on hot popcorn or garlic bread, or add a generous spoonful to a stir fry or pasta sauce. Nutritional yeast is also the only reliable food source of vitamin B12, so if you're vegan, it's a good idea to add some to your food regularly. Nutritional yeast can be found in the bulk foods or supplement section of your health food store. You can look for either nutritional yeast flakes or powder, but be sure you don't get brewer's yeast by mistake, as its quite similar in appearance. In Australia and New Zealand, nutritional yeast is also called "savory yeast" or "savory yeast flakes".

Heartflowers

here you go

http://www.swansonvitamins.com/NWF260/ItemDetail?n=0
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Lapis Lazuli
Registered User
User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:42 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #10
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
LoP Guest  Wrote: (10-22-2011 08:40 PM)
so what do we buy from the grocery store?

go to your health food store at ask for "nutritional yeast" or just buy it here

http://www.swansonvitamins.com/NWF260/ItemDetail?n=0
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one
lop guest
User ID: 58073
10-22-2011 08:43 PM

 



Post: #11
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
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Lapis Lazuli
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User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:44 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #12
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
in my opinion Nordic naturals is easily the best brand of DHA on the market

http://www.swansonvitamins.com/NRN040/ItemDetail?n=3526
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one
lop guest
User ID: 58073
10-22-2011 08:45 PM

 



Post: #13
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
Proper balance of the omegas is crucial, you can have too much of one type.
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Lapis Lazuli
Registered User
User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:47 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #14
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
one  Wrote: (10-22-2011 08:43 PM)
http://www.supplementscanada.com/popeyes...t5612.html

good stuff.

udo's is good. Personally I prefer a dedicated DHA stand-alone supplement, that way I can be sure I'm getting plenty of DHA
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Lapis Lazuli
Registered User
User ID: 54811
10-22-2011 08:48 PM

Posts: 10,703



Post: #15
RE: Defeat depression with super combo! *Uridine + DHA*
one  Wrote: (10-22-2011 08:45 PM)
Proper balance of the omegas is crucial, you can have too much of one type.

that's true, but we get so much omega six In the modern diet that taking pure omega-3 supplements is just fine
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